Recent medical research indicates that your risk of a heart attack at least doubles if you have periodontal disease. Research also demonstrates a link between periodontal disease and chronic infections, cardiovascular diseases and low infant birth weight.
What you should know — Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the gums and bone caused by the bacteria found in dental plague, which results in gingivitis. It is estimated that 4 out of every 5 people suffer from gingivitis. As the disease progresses, the pockets of bacteria deepen, destroying the bone which holds the teeth in the mouth. This results in possible tooth loss. Unlike most diseases that give us early warning signs, gum disease (periodontal disease) may progress silently, often without pain or overt symptoms that would alert you to its presence. It may develop slowly or progress very rapidly.
There are many visible symptoms; here are just a few:
- Gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth
- Gums that are red, swollen or tender
- Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
Why do my gums bleed?
Bleeding from the gums is mainly due to inadequate plaque removal from the teeth at the gum line. This can lead to a condition called gingivitis, or inflamed gums. If plaque is not removed through brushing and flossing, it will harden into tartar. Ultimately this can lead to increased bleeding and a more advanced form of gum and bone disease known a Periodontitis. (Inflammation of the supporting structures of the teeth).
If gum bleeding persists, it may be a sign of serious medical disorders such as leukemia, blood platelet disorders, or over-medication with aniti-coagulants, blood thinners such a Comadin or ASA.
- Tooth brush
abrasion, improper flossing
- Infection, which
can be either tooth or gum related
- Vitamin C and K
- Hormonal changes
HOME CARE TIPS
- Brush your teeth
gently with a soft-bristle toothbrush after meals
- Floss teeth 1-2
times daily to prevent plaque from building up
- Avoid mouthwashes containing alcohol
- Reduce in between meal snacks containing refined carbohydrates
Best Nutrition For Your Teeth and Gums
Nutrition has a huge impact on the health of your teeth and gums.
GREEN AND BLACK TEA
Teas are packed with fluoride to naturally strengthen your teeth and protect against decay. Tea also helps to keep mouth bacteria in check as it contains polyphenols and flavonoids and promotes fresh breath. Fluoride can help to re-mineralize your teeth enamel. Tea can improve alkaline levels in your mouth and decrease inflammation and help prevent tooth loss. Make tea your drink of choice!
Try to control the amount of
acid intake. If you are going to eat
acidic foods it should be done once in a day instead of several times in a day
– avoid grazing throughout the day. Be careful of acid erosion foods like
citrus, apples, wine and lemon water. It’s best to buffer the affects of acid by
following with a piece of cheese after things like wine, dried fruit, sugary
snacks or fresh fruit. Cheese contains
an abundance of calcium and can also help to re-calcify your teeth.
Milk can also help to stop tooth decay because of it’s lactose properties and calcium, casein and phosphorus which can all contribute to minimizing tooth decay.
Plant Foods that contain a lot of fibre can help to stimulate saliva which protects your teeth as well.
Limit the amount of sodas, sport drinks and juices to minimize acid erosion. (Try to remember to follow with a piece of cheese to neutralize the affects of acid erosion, see above.)
Try to avoid sugary snacks between meals!
Remember foods that are high in fibre like raw vegetables and foods low in sugar can help you keep your teeth well into your senior years!